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    Psychopathology, Anxiety or Attentional Control: Determining the Variables Which Predict IRAP Performance


    Nicholson, Emma and Hopkins-Doyle, Aife and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Roche, Richard (2014) Psychopathology, Anxiety or Attentional Control: Determining the Variables Which Predict IRAP Performance. The Psychological record, 64 (2). pp. 179-188. ISSN 0033-2933

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    Abstract

    Background & Objectives: The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) is a widely used measure of implicit cognition which has detected biases pertaining to various psychological constructs from spider fear to cocaine dependence. One issue which emerges in the IRAP literature is that of participants failing to meet or uphold the necessary criteria to complete the IRAP, which results in their elimination from the study, which can be rather detrimental to results. The present study sought to delineate which factors may contribute to high attrition rates in IRAP research. Methodology: A previously used IRAP measuring spider fear was employed along with an n-back task and a series of questionnaires. Results: Results indicated that the ability to inhibit prepotent responses and focus attention on the task at hand was the best predictor of accuracy on the IRAP, irrespective of spider fear or current levels of anxiety. Conclusions: These results are promising for the use of the IRAP in clinically-relevant domains as they suggest that the psychopathology of participants does not affect performance on the IRAP.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Nicholson, E., Hopkins-Doyle, A., Barnes-Holmes, D. et al. Psychol Rec (2014) 64: 179. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40732-014-0020-4
    Keywords: Attentional Control; Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure; Spider Fear; Attentional Control Theory; Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure Effect;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10690
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40732-014-0020-4
    Depositing User: Richard Roche
    Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2019 15:47
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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