Akelbek, Mahmud and Kirkland, Steve (2009) Coefficients of ergodicity and the scrambling index. Linear Algebra and its Applications, 430 (4). pp. 11111130. ISSN 00243795
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Abstract
For a primitive stochastic matrix S, upper bounds on the second largest modulus of an eigenvalue of S are very important, because they determine the asymptotic rate of convergence of the sequence of powers of the corresponding matrix. In this paper, we introduce the definition of the scrambling index for a primitive digraph. The scrambling index of a primitive digraph D is the smallest positive integer k such that for every pair of vertices u and v, there is a vertex w such that we can get to w from u and v in D by directed walks of length k; it is denoted by k(D).We investigate the scrambling index for primitive digraphs, and give an upper bound on the scrambling index of a primitive digraph in terms of the order and the girth of the digraph. By doing so we provide an attainable upper bound on the second largest modulus of eigenvalues of a primitive matrix that make use of the scrambling index.
Item Type:  Article 

Keywords:  Scrambling index; Primitive digraph; Coefficient of ergodicity; 
Academic Unit:  Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute 
Item ID:  2060 
Depositing User:  Professor Steve Kirkland 
Date Deposited:  21 Jul 2010 13:53 
Journal or Publication Title:  Linear Algebra and its Applications 
Publisher:  Elsevier 
Refereed:  Yes 
URI: 
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