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    Modelling Controlled Arrays of Wave Energy Converters


    Balitsky, Philip (2013) Modelling Controlled Arrays of Wave Energy Converters. Masters thesis, National University of Ireland Maynooth.

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    Abstract

    Given the great potential resource, the utilization of wave energy for electricity production can make a signi cant contribution to the renewable energy portfolio of coastal nations such as Ireland and the UK. There are, however, many challenges that must be overcome in order for wave energy to be commercially viable. One of the key objectives of the wave energy industry today is to produce commercially viable wave farms by placing multiple wave energy converters (WECs) together in an array. In this thesis, the WEC array problem is investigated from two di erent points of view: control and layout of individual WECs in an array. WEC arrays are modelled using hydrodynamic coecients from the Boundary Element Method code WAMIT R in the frequency domain, and a discretized time-domain controller is then applied to calculate motion and energy of the system. A new application of an energy equivalent linearization procedure is developed to model viscous forces for a heaving cylinder. Three control methods are subsequently applied to arrays of two and three WECs in various sea states and the resulting power output of the array is investigated. Results are presented which show the bene t of using adaptive control for arrays of WECs over a simple xed damping schemes. Additionally, the layout of a controlled array of multiple WECs is investigated given the objective of power maximization. It is shown that as the number of devices in closely-spaced arrays increases, a control scheme that is able to utilize radiation properties of devices can o set the net loss of power e ected by shadowing. Furthermore, the relationship between the inter-device spacing and wave angle of incidence is derived for a two-body array and shown to hold for multi-body arrays. A recommendation on the optimal spacing and number of devices given a speci c WEC geometry is made for a controlled array.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Keywords: Modelling Controlled Arrays; Wave Energy Converters;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Electronic Engineering
    Item ID: 4487
    Depositing User: IR eTheses
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2013 10:18
    URI:

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