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    Tunnelling current through fractional quantum Hall interferometers


    Smits, O. and Slingerland, Joost and Simon, Steven H. (2014) Tunnelling current through fractional quantum Hall interferometers. Physical Review B, 89. 045308. ISSN 1098-0121

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    Abstract

    We calculate the tunnelling current through a Fabry-P�erot interferometer in the fractional quantum Hall regime. Within linear response theory (weak tunnelling but arbitrary source-drain voltage) we �nd a general expression for the current due to tunnelling of quasiparticles in terms of Carlson's R function. Our result is valid for fractional quantum Hall states with an edge theory consisting of a charged channel and any number of neutral channels, with possibly di�erent edge velocities and di�erent chiralities. We analyse the case with a single neutral channel in detail, which applies for instance to the edge of the Moore-Read state. In addition we consider an asymmetric interferometer with di�erent edge lengths between the point contacts on opposite edges, and we study the behaviour of the current as a function of varying edge length. Recent experiments attempted to measure the Aharanov-Bohm e�ect by changing the area inside the interferometer using a plunger gate. Theoretical analyses of these experiments have so far not taken into account the accompanying change in the edge lengths. We show that the tunnelling current exhibits multiple osculations as a function of this edge length, with frequencies proportional to the injected edge current and inversely proportional to the edge velocities. In particular the edge velocities can be measured by looking at the Fourier spectrum of the edge current. We provide a numerical scheme to calculate and plot the R function, and include sample plots for a variety of edge states with parameter values which are experimentally relevant.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Tunnelling current; fractional quantum Hall interferometers;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Mathematical Physics
    Item ID: 4795
    Depositing User: Dr. Joost Slingerland
    Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2014 16:15
    Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review B
    Publisher: American Physical Society
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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