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    The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) and the malleability of ageist attitudes


    Cullen, Claire and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne and Stewart, Ian (2009) The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) and the malleability of ageist attitudes. The Psychological record, 59 (4). pp. 591-620. ISSN 0033-2933

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    Abstract

    The current study examined the malleability of implicit attitudes using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). In Experiment 1, “similar” and “opposite” were presented as response options with the sample terms “old people” and “young people” and various positive and negative target stimuli. Results showed significantly faster response latencies for consistent (e.g., Similar- Positive-Young People) compared to inconsistent tasks (e.g., Similar-Positive-Old People). Explicit measures did not correlate with this IRAP effect. Experiment 2 determined whether prior exposure to pictures of admired and disliked old and young individuals had an impact on IRAP performance. Results revealed that pro-old exemplars reduced the pro-young IRAP effect, but reversed the anti-old effect, and this held for 24 h; explicit measures were largely unaffected. The findings suggest that the IRAP provides an informative measure of attitudechange following pro- versus anti-exemplar training.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: implicit attitudes; transformation of function; multiple exemplars; implicit cognition; relational frame theory; adult humans;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 4969
    Depositing User: Yvonne Barnes-Holmes
    Date Deposited: 21 May 2014 13:44
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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