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    A Derived Transformation of Valence Functions Across Two 8-Member Comparative Relational Networks


    Amd, Micah and Roche, Bryan (2015) A Derived Transformation of Valence Functions Across Two 8-Member Comparative Relational Networks. Psychological Record, 65. pp. 523-540. ISSN 2163-3452

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    Abstract

    The emergence of transitive relations between stimuli that had never been directly paired with one another can be examined through a phenomenon called Transitive Inference (TI). The present experiment explored contextually controlled TI effects in verbally able humans. Specifically, participants were trained in the conditional discriminations A1+B1-, B1+ C1-, C1+D1-, D1+E1-, E1+F1-, F1+G1- and G1+H1- in the presence of a cue (Cue 1), followed by tests for mutual and combinatorial entailment in the presence of either Cue 1 or Cue 2. Note that Cue 1 and Cue 2 had been previously established as functionally equivalent to happier-than and unhappier-than contexts, respectively. Using a performancebased measure of Bimplicit preferences,^ we predicted that successfully demonstrating entailment would yield a performance indicating C1 as more positively valenced than F1. Similarly, if participants learned the discriminations A2+B2-, B2+C2-, C2+D2-, D2+E2-, E2+F2-, F2+G2-, G2+H2- in the presence of Cue 2 only, followed by tests for entailment in the presence of both Cues 1 and 2, we predicted that C2 should be responded to as more negatively valenced than F2. Performances across both conditions supported these predictions, furthering the evidence for the claim that emotional valences can be derived through functionally transitive stimulus-stimulus relations.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Relational frame theory; Transitive inference; Transformation of function; Valence;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 6819
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40732-015-0128-1
    Depositing User: Dr. Bryan Roche
    Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 15:13
    Journal or Publication Title: Psychological Record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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