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    Comparative analysis of Dp427-deficient mdx tissues shows that the milder dystrophic phenotype of extraocular and toe muscle fibres is associated with a persistent expression of beta-dystroglycan


    Dowling, Paul and Lohan, James and Ohlendieck, Kay (2003) Comparative analysis of Dp427-deficient mdx tissues shows that the milder dystrophic phenotype of extraocular and toe muscle fibres is associated with a persistent expression of beta-dystroglycan. European Journal of Cell Biology, 82 (5). pp. 222-230. ISSN 0171-9335

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    Abstract

    The cell biological hypothesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy assumes that deficiency in the membrane cytoskeletal element dystrophin triggers a loss in surface glycoproteins, such as beta-dystroglycan, thereby rendering the sarcolemmal membrane more susceptible to micro-rupturing. Secondary changes in ion homeostasis, such as increased cytosolic Ca2+ levels and impaired luminal Ca2+ buffering, eventually lead to Ca2+-induced myonecrosis. However, individual muscle groups exhibit a graded pathological response during the natural time course of x-linked muscular dystrophy. The absence of the dystrophin isofom Dp427 does not necessarily result in a severe dystrophic phenotype in all muscle groups. In the dystrophic mdx animal model, extraocular and toe muscles are not as severely affected as limb muscles. Here, we show that the relative expression and sarcolemmal localization of the central trans-sarcolemmal linker of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex, beta-dystroglycan, is preserved in mdx extraocular and toe fibres by means of two-dimensional immunoblotting and immunofluorescence microscopy. Thus, with respect to improving myology diagnostics, the relative expression levels of beta-dystroglycan appear to represent reliable markers for the severity of secondary changes in dystrophin-deficient fibres. Immunoblotting and enzyme assays revealed that mdx toe muscle fibres exhibit an increased expression and activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase. Chemical crosslinking studies demonstrated impaired calsequestrin oligomerization in mdx gastrocnemius muscle indicating that abnormal calsequestrin clustering is involved in reduced Ca2+ buffering of the dystrophic sarcoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies have mostly attributed the sparing of certain mdx fibres to the special protective properties of small-diameter fibres. Our study suggests that the rescue of dystrophin-associated glycoproteins, and possibly the increased removal of cytosolic Ca2+ ions, might also play an important role in protecting muscle cells from necrotic changes.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Dystrophin; dystroglycan; mdx; muscular dystrophy; calcium handling;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 7339
    Depositing User: Paul Dowling
    Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 15:38
    Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Cell Biology
    Publisher: Urban & Fischer
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Enterprise Ireland (EI), Health Research Board (HRB), Muscular Dystrophy Ireland, European Commission
    URI:

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