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    Role of cell cycle events and apoptosis in mediating the anti-cancer activity of a silver(I) complex of 4-hydroxy-3-nitro-coumarin-bis(phenanthroline) in human malignant cancer cells.


    Thati, Bhumika and Noble, Andy and Creaven, Bernadette S. and Walsh, Maureen and McCann, Malachy and Devereux, Michael and Kavanagh, Kevin and Egan, Denise A. (2009) Role of cell cycle events and apoptosis in mediating the anti-cancer activity of a silver(I) complex of 4-hydroxy-3-nitro-coumarin-bis(phenanthroline) in human malignant cancer cells. European Journal of Pharmacology, 602. pp. 203-214.

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    Abstract

    The central objective of the current study was to investigate the potential in vitro anti-proliferative effect of 4-hydroxy-3-nitro-coumarin (hncH), and the mixed-ligand silver (I) complex of 4-oxy-3-nitro-coumarin-bis (phenanthroline), [Ag(hnc)(phen)2] using four human-derived model cell lines. In addition, selected mechanistic studies were carried out using the most sensitive of the four cell lines. Results obtained show that the complex could decrease the proliferation of all four cell lines including neoplastic renal and hepatic, namely A-498 and HepG2 cells, respectively, along with two non-neoplastic renal and hepatic cell lines, HK-2 and Chang, respectively. Furthermore, non-neoplastic hepatic cells (Chang) appeared to be less sensitive to the effect of the complex, but this effect was not replicated in the non-neoplastic renal (HK-2) cells. Based on IC50 values [Ag(hnc)(phen)2] was shown to be almost four times more potent than cisplatin, using HepG2 cells. In addition, the observed anti-proliferative effect was shown to be both dose- and time-dependent. Furthermore, the complex was shown to decrease DNA synthesis, but did not intercalate with it. Moreover, there was no evidence that P-glycoprotein-mediated multi-drug resistance was likely to decrease antiproliferative activity. Cytological stains, analysis of genomic DNA, and biochemical assays [caspase-3 and -9 and cleaved poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase protein] showed that cell death appeared to result from apoptosis, with the possibility of secondary necrosis. Additionally, flow cytometric analysis showed that the complex functioned through an alteration in cell cycle progression. Taken together, [Ag(hnc)(phen)2] has been shown to be a more potent anti-proliferative agent than cisplatin, capable of altering key biochemical events leading to cell death. Additional mechanistic studies are underway to probe more fully its mechanism of action.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Apoptosis; Caspase activity; PARP cleavage; Cell cycle progression; Silver–coumarin–phenanthroline complex;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 9680
    Depositing User: Dr. Malachy McCann
    Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2018 13:58
    Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Pharmacology
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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