MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library



    The relationship between differential stimulus relatedness and implicit measure effect sizes


    Cummins, Jamie and Roche, Bryan and Tyndall, Ian T. and Cartwright, Aoife (2018) The relationship between differential stimulus relatedness and implicit measure effect sizes. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 110. pp. 24-38. ISSN 1938-3711

    [img]
    Preview
    Download (230kB) | Preview


    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...



    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Abstract

    Implicit measures have been hypothesized to allow researchers to ascertain the existence and strength of relations between stimuli, often in the context of research on attitudes. However, little ground-up and controlled behavioral research has focused on whether or not stimulus relations, and the degree of relatedness within such relations, are indexed by implicit measures. The current study examined this issue using a behavior-analytic implicit-style stimulus relation indexing procedure known as the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST). Using a matching-to-sample (MTS) procedure to train stimulus equivalence relations between nonsense syllables, the number of iterations of the procedure was varied across groups of subjects, hence controlling stimulus relatedness in the resulting equivalence relations. Following each subject’s final exposure to the MTS procedure, they completed a FAST. An additional group of subjects was exposed to a FAST procedure with word pairs of known relatedness. Results showed that increasing relatedness resulted in a linear increase in FAST effect size. These results provide the first direct empirical support for a key process-level assumption of the implicit literature, and offer a behavior-analytic paradigm within which to understand these effects. These results also suggest that the FAST may be a viable procedure for the quantification of emergent stimulus relations in stimulus equivalence training.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the preprint version of the published article, which is available at Cummins, J. , Roche, B. , Tyndall, I. and Cartwright, A. (2018), The relationship between differential stimulus relatedness and implicit measure effect sizes. Jrnl Exper Analysis Behavior, 110: 24-38. doi:10.1002/jeab.437
    Keywords: Function Acquisition Speed Test; stimulus equivalence; matching-to-sample; implicit measures; derived relational responding; Implicit Association Test;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10624
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/jeab.437
    Depositing User: Dr. Bryan Roche
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 16:48
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: No
    URI:

      Repository Staff Only(login required)

      View Item Item control page

      Downloads

      Downloads per month over past year