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    Differential Effects of Word-Repetition Rate on Cognitive Defusion of Believability and Discomfort of Negative Self-Referential Thoughts Postintervention and at One-Month Follow-Up


    Tyndall, Ian T. and Papworth, Richard and Roche, Bryan and Bennett, Marc (2017) Differential Effects of Word-Repetition Rate on Cognitive Defusion of Believability and Discomfort of Negative Self-Referential Thoughts Postintervention and at One-Month Follow-Up. The Psychological record, 67 (3). pp. 377-386. ISSN 0033-2933

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    Abstract

    Objective: The word repetition technique is used in acceptance and commitment therapy as a method of facilitating cognitive defusion from distressing thoughts. The present study conducted a randomised trial to manipulate the rate of word repetition and evaluate its impact on the efficacy of cognitive defusion. Method: Thirty-two participants repeated a self-chosen negative self-evaluative word for 30 seconds at the rates of one word per 0.5-, 1-, or 2-seconds. Visual analogue scales were used to measure the associated levels of believability and discomfort at pre- and immediately postrepetition, and 1 month later. Results: Both believability and discomfort were significantly reduced immediately after word repetition in the 0.5-seconds and 1-second conditions. There was a significantly greater reduction in Discomfort in the 1-second condition in comparison to the 2-second condition. The 1-second condition alone maintained significant reductions in both believability and discomfort at 1-month follow up. Conclusion: Differences in the cognitive defusion of distressing thoughts appear to be influenced by word repetition rate with repetition rates of one word per 0.5 and 1 seconds somewhat more effective for treating distressing private experiences associated with problem words.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the author's preprint version of the published article, which is available at Tyndall, I., Papworth, R., Roche, B. et al. Psychol Rec (2017) 67: 377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40732-017-0227-2
    Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy; Cognitive defusion; Word-repetition technique; Psychological flexibility;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10627
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40732-017-0227-2
    Depositing User: Dr. Bryan Roche
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 18:10
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: No
    URI:

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