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    Transformation of Avoidance Response Functions in Accordance with Same and Opposite Relational Frames


    Dymond, Simon and Roche, Bryan and Forsyth, John P. and Whelan, Robert and Rhoden, Julia (2007) Transformation of Avoidance Response Functions in Accordance with Same and Opposite Relational Frames. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 88 (2). pp. 249-262. ISSN 0022-5002

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    Abstract

    Research on the emergence of human avoidance behavior in the absence of direct contact with an aversive event is somewhat limited. Consistent with work on derived relational responding, the present study sought to investigate the transformation of avoidance response functions in accordance with the relational frames of Same and Opposite. Participants were first exposed to nonarbitrary and arbitrary relational training and testing in order to establish Same and Opposite relations among arbitrary stimuli. The training tasks were; Same–A1–B1, Same–A1–C1, Opposite–A1–B2, Opposite–A1–C2. Next, all possible combinatorially entailed (i.e., B–C and C–B) relations were tested. During the avoidance-conditioning phase, one stimulus (B1) from the relational network signaled a simple avoidance response that cancelled a scheduled presentation of an aversive image and sound. All but one of the participants who met the criteria for conditioned avoidance also demonstrated derived avoidance by emitting the avoidance response in the presence of C1 and the nonavoidance response in the presence of C2. Control participants who were not exposed to relational training and testing did not show derived avoidance. Implications of the findings for understanding clinically significant avoidance behavior are discussed.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: avoidance; transformation of functions; same; opposite; relational frame theory; human adults;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10658
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1901/jeab.2007.22-07
    Depositing User: Dr. Bryan Roche
    Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 15:55
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
    Publisher: Society for Experimental Behavior
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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