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    A functional-analytic model of analogy: A relational frame analysis


    Stewart, Ian and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Roche, Bryan and Smeets, Paul M. (2002) A functional-analytic model of analogy: A relational frame analysis. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 78 (3). pp. 375-396. ISSN 1938-3711

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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to explore a behavior‐analytic model of analogical reasoning, defined as the discrimination of formal similarity via equivalence—equivalence responding. In Experiment 1, adult humans were trained and tested for the formation of four three‐member equivalence relations: A1‐B1‐C1, A2‐B2‐C2, A3‐B3‐C3, and A4‐B4‐C4. The B and C stimuli were three‐letter nonsense syllables, and the A stimulus was a colored shape. Subjects were then successfully tested for equivalence– equivalence responding (e.g., matching B1/C1 to B2/C2 rather than B3/C4). These tasks were designed such that equivalence—equivalence responding might allow subjects to discriminate a physical similarity between the relations involved. Some participants (color subjects) received only equivalence– equivalence tasks in which they might discriminate a color relation, whereas others (shape subjects) were given tasks in which they might discriminate a shape relation. A control group received both types of task. In a subsequent test for the discrimination of formal similarity, color subjects matched according to color, shape subjects matched according to shape, and the control group showed no consistent matching pattern. In Experiment 2, adult humans showed a transformation of the functions of a block‐sorting task via this basic model of analogy. Empirical and conceptual issues related to these results are discussed.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Stewart, I. , Barnes‐Holmes, D. , Roche, B. and Smeets, P. M. (2002), A FUNCTIONAL‐ANALYTIC MODEL OF ANALOGY: A RELATIONAL FRAME ANALYSIS. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 78: 375-396. doi:10.1901/jeab.2002.78-375
    Keywords: analogy; relational frame theory; equivalence–equivalence; relations between relations; model; humans;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10673
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1901/jeab.2002.78-375
    Depositing User: Dr. Bryan Roche
    Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 15:40
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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