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    Circadian desynchrony and metabolic dysfunction; did light pollution make us fat?


    Wyse, C.A. and Selman, C. and Page, M.M. and Coogan, Andrew and Hazlerigg, D.G. (2011) Circadian desynchrony and metabolic dysfunction; did light pollution make us fat? Medical Hypotheses, 77 (6). pp. 1139-1144. ISSN 0306-9877

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    Abstract

    Circadian rhythms are daily oscillations in physiology and behaviour that recur with a period of 24 h, and that are entrained by the daily photoperiod. The cycle of sunrise and sunset provided a reliable time cue for many thousands of years, until the advent of artificial lighting disrupted the entrainment of human circadian rhythms to the solar photoperiod. Circadian desynchrony (CD) occurs when endogenous rhythms become misaligned with daily photoperiodic cycles, and this condition is facilitated by artificial lighting. This review examines the hypothesis that chronic CD that has accompanied the availability of electric lighting in the developed world induces a metabolic and behavioural phenotype that is predisposed to the development of obesity. The evidence to support this hypothesis is based on epidemiological data showing coincidence between the appearance of obesity and the availability of artificial light, both geographically, and historically. This association links CD to obesity in humans, and is corroborated by experimental studies that demonstrate that CD can induce obesity and metabolic dysfunction in humans and in rodents. This association between CD and obesity has far reaching implications for human health, lifestyle and work practices. Attention to the rhythmicity of daily sleep, exercise, work and feeding schedules could be beneficial in targeting or reversing the modern human predisposition to obesity.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Circadian desynchrony; metabolic dysfunction; light pollution; obesity; artificial lighting;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10727
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2011.09.023
    Depositing User: Dr. Andrew Coogan
    Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2019 15:36
    Journal or Publication Title: Medical Hypotheses
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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