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    Diurnal preference, circadian phase of entrainment and time perspectives: Just what are the relationships?


    McGowan, Niall M. and Brannigan, Ross and Doyle, Darlene and Coogan, Andrew (2017) Diurnal preference, circadian phase of entrainment and time perspectives: Just what are the relationships? Personality and Individual Differences, 112. pp. 79-84. ISSN 0191-8869

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    Abstract

    Time perspective refers to the non-conscious parcelling of personal and social experiences into temporal categories, and is an important construct in the psychology of time. Another important factor in time's influence on behavioural and psychological processes relates to the circadian timing system, which intrinsically produces daily rhythms in a host of parameters. This circadian timing system underpins timing of sleep/wake behaviour. Further, circadian timing is related to, but not synonymous with, diurnal preference for the timing of sleep/wake during different parts of the 24 h day. However, the exact nature of the relationship of diurnal preference to the underlying circadian clock is not elucidated. Previous research has indicated associations between time perspective and diurnal preference. In the current study we have examined the nature of the inter-relationships between circadian phase of entrainment (assessed with the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire), diurnal preference (assessed with the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire) and time perspectives in a sample of 193 adults. Both circadian phase and diurnal preference associate with present and future time perspectives, although when considered together in regression models, only diurnal preference predicts time preference. Further, we examined whether time perspectives might moderate the relationship between circadian phase of entrainment and diurnal preference, and find that this relationship is significantly moderated by present time perspectives, but not future time perspectives. These results indicate the intricate nature of interactions between domains of psychological and biological time.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Time perspective; Diurnal preference; Circadian; Chronotype;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 11304
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.051
    Depositing User: Dr. Andrew Coogan
    Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2019 14:44
    Journal or Publication Title: Personality and Individual Differences
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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