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    'Digne de compassion': female dependants of Irish jacobite soldiers in France, c.1692-c.1730


    Lyons, Mary Ann (2008) 'Digne de compassion': female dependants of Irish jacobite soldiers in France, c.1692-c.1730. Eighteenth-Century Ireland / Iris an dá chultúr, 23. pp. 55-75. ISSN 0790-7915

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    Abstract

    The arrival of thousands1 of Irish jacobite soldiers and officers, along with their families, in France in the aftermath of the 1691 Treaty of Limerick made this influx 'the first modern, mass immigration experienced in France'.2 In the immediate term, the majority of these military and their dependants converged around King James IF s court-in-exile at Louis XIV s castle in Saint-Germain-en Laye outside Paris and joined forces with the French army in opposition to William III. Louis gave James an annual pension of 600,000 French livres on which to live and in his M?moires, James claimed that he managed to 'relieve an infinite number of distressed people, ancient and wounded officers, widows and children of such as had lost their lives in his services'.3 In reality, however, the conditions of the jacobite soldiers and their dependants, which were uncomfort able from the beginning, became extremely difficult after the Peace of Ryswick in 1697 and the ensuing disbanding of the Irish regiments...

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Mass Migration; France; Ireland; jacobite soldiers;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts,Celtic Studies and Philosophy > History
    Item ID: 11508
    Depositing User: Marian Lyons
    Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 17:24
    Journal or Publication Title: Eighteenth-Century Ireland / Iris an dá chultúr
    Publisher: Eighteenth-Century Ireland Society
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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