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    Distortion Minimization in Multi-Sensor Estimation Using Energy Harvesting and Energy Sharing


    Knorn, Steffi and Dey, Subhrakanti and Ahlén, Anders and Quevedo, Daniel E. (2015) Distortion Minimization in Multi-Sensor Estimation Using Energy Harvesting and Energy Sharing. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 63 (11). ISSN 1053-587X

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates an optimal energy allocation problemformultisensorestimationofarandomsourcewheresensors communicate their measurements to a remote fusion center (FC) over orthogonal fading wireless channels using uncoded analog transmissions. The FC reconstructs the source using the best linear unbiased estimator (BLUE). The sensors have limited batteries but can harvest energy and also transfer energy to other sensors in the network. A distortion minimization problem over a finite-time horizon with causal and noncausal centralized informationisstudiedandtheoptimalenergyallocationpolicyfor transmission and sharing is derived. Several structural necessary conditionsforoptimalityarepresentedforthetwosensorproblem with noncausal information and a horizon of two time steps. A decentralized energy allocationalgorithm isalso presentedwhere each sensor has causal information of its own channel gain and harvested energy levels and has statistical information about the channel gains and harvested energies of the remaining sensors. Various other suboptimal energy allocation policies are also proposed for reducing the computational complexity of dynamic programming based solutions to the energy allocation problems with causal information patterns. Numerical simulations are included to illustrate the theoretical results. These illustrate that energy sharing can reduce the distortion at the FC when sensors have asymmetric fading channels and asymmetric energy harvesting processes.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Distortion; Minimization; Multi-Sensor Estimation; Energy Harvesting; Energy Sharing;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Electronic Engineering
    Item ID: 12703
    Depositing User: Subhrakanti Dey
    Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 11:09
    Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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