MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library



    ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD amongst Syrian refugees in Lebanon: the factor structure and the clinical utility of the International Trauma Questionnaire


    Vallières, Frédérique and Ceannt, Ruth and Daccache, F. and Abou Daher, R. and Sleiman, J. and Gilmore, B. and Byrne, S. and Shevlin, Mark and Murphy, J. and Hyland, Philip (2018) ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD amongst Syrian refugees in Lebanon: the factor structure and the clinical utility of the International Trauma Questionnaire. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 138. pp. 547-557. ISSN 0001-690X

    [img]
    Preview
    Download (512kB) | Preview


    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...



    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Abstract

    Objective: Support for ICD-11 post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) is growing; however, few studies include refugees or examine the clinical utility of PTSD/CPTSD classifications. This study sought to provide the first evaluations of (i) the factor structure of ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD amongst refugees in the Middle East; and (ii) the clinical utility of the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) to identify PTSD/CPTSD in a humanitarian context. Method: Participants were 112 treatment-seeking Syrian refugees living in Lebanon. Factorial validity was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) based on responses to the ITQ. Clinical utility of the ITQ was assessed through semi-structured interviews with six Lebanese psychotherapists. Results: Complex PTSD (36.1%) was more common than PTSD (25.2%), and no sex or age differences were observed at the prevalence or symptomatic levels. CFA results supported a two-factor higher-order model consistent with ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD. Qualitative findings indicated that the ITQ is generally positively regarded, with some limitations and suggested modifications noted. Conclusion: This is the first study to support the ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD amongst refugees in the Middle East and the clinical utility of the ITQ in a humanitarian context. Findings support the growing evidence for the cross-cultural applicability of ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: ICD-11 PTSD; complex PTSD; Syrian refugees; Lebanon; factor structure; clinical utility; International Trauma Questionnaire;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 13305
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12973
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2020 15:21
    Journal or Publication Title: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year