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    The impact of housing consumption value on the spatial distribution of welfare


    Kilgarriff, Paul and Charlton, Martin and Foley, Ronan and O'Donoghue, Cathal (2019) The impact of housing consumption value on the spatial distribution of welfare. Journal of Housing Economics, 43. pp. 118-130. ISSN 1096-0791

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    Abstract

    The measure of a household's income should include not only monetary components but also non-monetary components and in-kind benefits, such as imputed rent. Imputed rent is the rent an owner can expect to receive were the house on the rental market. This study examined the impact of net imputed rent on the distribution of income in a spatial context. The spatial impact of net imputed rent, mortgage payments, private rent, public rent (social housing schemes) and reverse mortgage/annuity on the spatial distribution of disposable income was examined for the year 2011. A spatial microsimulation model, simulated model of the Irish local economy (SMILE), was used to simulated disposable income at a detailed spatial scale. Rental and property values are estimated at a spatial scale adopting the kriging methodology. The created rental and property data were merged into the SMILE simulated dataset to examine the impact of housing on the spatial distribution of disposable income at a small area level. Results show that the imputed cash flows from property ownership decreases the income share of those at the bottom of the income distribution and is inequality increasing, except in the case of those aged 65 +. Spatially the benefits of housing are greatest in urban areas where property values are highest. The small area measurements of imputed rent highlight the dis-equalising impact imputed rent and housing wealth has on inequality; the rich being able to consume more housing.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Housing; Data interpolation; Spatial analysis; Inequality; Microsimulation;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > National Centre for Geocomputation, NCG
    Item ID: 13522
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhe.2018.11.002
    Depositing User: Martin Charlton
    Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2020 16:41
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Housing Economics
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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