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    The Extent and Coverage of Current Knowledge of Connected Health: Systematic Mapping Study


    Karampela, Maria and Isomursu, Minna and Porat, Talya and Maramis, Christos and Mountford, Nicola and Giunti, Guido and Chouvarda, Ioanna and Lehocki, Fedor (2019) The Extent and Coverage of Current Knowledge of Connected Health: Systematic Mapping Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21 (9). ISSN 1929-0748

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    Abstract

    Background: This study examines the development of the connected health (CH) research landscape with a view to providing an overview of the existing CH research. The research field of CH has experienced rapid growth coinciding with increasing pressure on health care systems to become more proactive and patient centered. Objective: This study aimed to assess the extent and coverage of the current body of knowledge in CH. In doing so, we sought to identify specific topics that have drawn the attention of CH researchers and to identify research gaps, in particular those offering opportunities for further interdisciplinary research. Methods: A systematic mapping study that combined scientific contributions from research in the disciplines of medicine, business, computer science, and engineering was used. Overall, seven classification criteria were used to analyze the papers, including publication source, publication year, research type, empirical type, contribution type, research topic, and the medical condition studied. Results: The search resulted in 208 papers that were analyzed by a multidisciplinary group of researchers. The results indicated a slow start for CH research but showed a more recent steady upswing since 2013. The majority of papers proposed health care solutions (77/208, 37.0%) or evaluated CH approaches (49/208, 23.5%). Case studies (59/208, 28.3%) and experiments (55/208, 26.4%) were the most popular forms of scientific validation used. Diabetes, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and heart conditions were among the most prevalent medical conditions studied. Conclusions: We conclude that CH research has become an established field of research that has grown over the last five years. The results of this study indicate a focus on technology-driven research with a strong contribution from medicine, whereas the business aspects of CH have received less research attention.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://www.jmir.org/, as well as this copyright and license information must be included. Cite as: Karampela M, Isomursu M, Porat T, Maramis C, Mountford N, Giunti G, Chouvarda I, Lehocki F. The Extent and Coverage of Current Knowledge of Connected Health: Systematic Mapping Study. J Med Internet Res 2019; 21(9):e14394. DOI: 10.2196/14394
    Keywords: connected health; health services research; interdisciplinary research; empirical research; telemedicine; information technology; wireless technology; health informatics; information systems;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 14034
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2196/14394
    Depositing User: Nicola Mountford
    Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2021 16:52
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Medical Internet Research
    Publisher: JMIR Publications
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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