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    Transit-oriented economic development: The impact of light rail on new business starts in the Phoenix, AZ Region, USA


    Credit, Kevin (2018) Transit-oriented economic development: The impact of light rail on new business starts in the Phoenix, AZ Region, USA. Urban Studies, 55 (15). pp. 2838-2862. ISSN 1360-063X

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    Abstract

    This article examines the impact of Phoenix’s light rail system, which opened in 2008, on new firm formation in specific industries. Individual business data from 1990–2014 are used in a quasi-experimental adjusted-interrupted time series (AITS) regression to compare the impact of the transit system’s construction on new business starts in ‘treatment’ and ‘control’ areas before and after the opening of the line. Findings show that the transit adjacency is worth an 88% increase in knowledge sector new starts, a 40% increase in service sector new starts and a 28% increase in retail new starts at the time the system opened, when compared with automobile-accessible control areas. However, the light rail also appears to suffer from a ‘novelty factor’– after the initial increase in new establishment activity in adjacent block groups, the effect diminishes at the rate of 8%, 6% and 7% per year, respectively. The results also provide insight into the spatial extent of light rail impacts to new business formation, with areas 1 mile from stations observing 21% fewer retail new business starts and 12% fewer knowledge sector new starts than areas within a quarter of a mile of stations.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the preprint version of the published article, which is available at 1. Credit K. Transit-oriented economic development: The impact of light rail on new business starts in the Phoenix, AZ Region, USA. Urban Studies. 2018;55(13):2838-2862. doi:10.1177/0042098017724119
    Keywords: built environment; economic development; entrepreneurship; light rail; Transit-Oriented Development (TOD);
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > National Centre for Geocomputation, NCG
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Maynooth University Social Sciences Institute, MUSSI
    Item ID: 14606
    Identification Number: 10.1177%2F0042098017724119
    Depositing User: Kevin Credit
    Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2021 17:26
    Journal or Publication Title: Urban Studies
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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