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    Planck early results. XX. New light on anomalous microwave emission from spinning dust grains


    Ade, P.A.R. and Aghanim, N. and Arnaud, M. and Ashdown, M. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Balbi, A. and Banday, A.J. and Barreiro, R.B. and Bartlett, J.G. and Battaner, E. and Benabed, K. and Benoit, A. and Bernard, J.-P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bhatia, R. and Bock, J.J. and Bonaldi, A. and Bond, J.R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F.R. and Boulanger, F. and Bucher, M. and Burigana, C. and Cabella, P. and Cappellini, B. and Cardoso, J.-F. and Casassus, S. and Catalano, A. and Cayon, L. and Challinor, A. and Chamballu, A. and Chary, R.-R. and Chen, X. and Chiang, L.-Y. and Chiang, C. and Christensen, P.R. and Clements, D.L. and Colombi, S. and Couchot, F. and Coulais, A. and Crill, B.P. and Cuttaia, F. and Danese, L. and Davies, R.D. and Davis, R.J. and De Bernardis, P. and de Gasperis, G. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Delouis, J.-M. and Dickinson, C. and Donzelli, S. and Dore, O. and Dorl, U. and Douspis, M. and Dupac, X. and Efstathiou, G. and Enßlin, T.A. and Eriksen, H.K. and Finelli, F. and Forni, O. and Frailis, M. and Franceschi, E. and Galeotta, S. and Ganga, K. and Genova-Santos, R.T. and Giard, M. and Giardino, G. and Giraud-Héraud, Y. and Gonzalez-Nuevo, J. and Gorski, K.M. and Gratton, S. and Gregorio, A. and Grupposo, A. and Hansen, F.K. and Harrison, D. and Helou, G. and Henrot-Versille, S. and Herranz, D. and Hildebrandt, S.R. and Hivon, E. and Hobson, M. and Holmes, W.A. and Hovest, W. and Hoyland, R.J. and Huffenberger, K.M. and Jaffe, T.R. and Jaffe, A.H. and Jones, W.C. and Juvela, M. and Keihanen, E. and Keskitalo, R. and Kisner, T.S. and Kneissl, R. and Knox, L. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lagache, G. and Lahteenmakil, A. and Lamarre, J.-M. and Lasenby, A. and Laureijs, R.J. and Lawrence, C.R. and Leach, S. and Leonardi, R. and Lilje, P.B. and Linden-Vornle, M. and Lopez-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P.M. and Macias-Perez, J.F. and MacTavish, C.J. and Maffei, B. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Mann, R. and Maris, M. and Marshall, D.J. and Martinez-Gonzalez, E. and Masi, S. and Matarrese, S. and Matthai, F. and Mazzotta, P. and McGehee, P. and Meinhold, P.R. and Melchiorri, A. and Mendes, L. and Mennella, A. and Mitra, S. and Miville-Deschenes, M.-A. and Moneti, A. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Mortlock, D. and Munshi, D. and Murphy, J.Anthony and Naselsky, P. and Natoli, P. and Netterfield, C.B. and Norgaard-Nielsen, H.U. and Noviello, F. and Novikov, D. and Novikov, I. and O'Dwyer, I.J. and Osborne, S. and Pajot, F. and Paladini, R. and Partridge, B. and Pasian, F. and Patanchon, G. and Pearson, T.J. and Peel, M. and Perdereau, O. and Perotto, L. and Perotta, L. and Piacentini, F. and Piat, M. and Plaszczynski, S. and Platania, P. and Pointecouteau, E. and Polenta, G. and Ponthieu, N. and Poutanen, T. and Prezeau, G. and Procopio, P. and Prunet, S. and Puget, J.-L. and Reach, W.T. and Rebolo, R. and Reich, W. and Reinecke, M. and Renault, C. and Ricciardi, S. and Riller, T. and Ristorcelli, I. and Rocha, G. and Rosset, C. and Rowan-Robinson, M. and Rubino-Martin, J.A. and Rusholme, B. and Sandri, M. and Santos, D. and Savini, G. and Scott, D. and Seiffert, M.D. and Shellard, P. and Smoot, G.F. and Starck, J.-L. and Stivoli, F. and Stolyarov, V. and Stompor, R. and Sudiwala, R. and Sygnet, J.-F. and Tauber, J.A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Torre, J.-P. and Tristram, M. and Tuovinen, J. and Umana, G. and Valenziano, L. and Varis, J. and Verstraete, L. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Vittorio, N. and Wade, L.A. and Wandelt, B.D. and Watson, R. and Wilkinson, A. and Ysard, N. and Yvon, D. and Zacchei, A. and Zonca, A. (2011) Planck early results. XX. New light on anomalous microwave emission from spinning dust grains. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 536 (A20). ISSN 0004-6361

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    Abstract

    Anomalous microwave emission (AME) has been observed by numerous experiments in the frequency range ∼10–60 GHz. Using Planck maps and multi-frequency ancillary data, we have constructed spectra for two known AME regions: the Perseus and ρ Ophiuchi molecular clouds. The spectra are well fitted by a combination of free-free radiation, cosmic microwave background, thermal dust, and electric dipole radiation from small spinning dust grains. The spinning dust spectra are the most precisely measured to date, and show the high frequency side clearly for the first time. The spectra have a peak in the range 20–40 GHz and are detected at high significances of 17.1σ for Perseus and 8.4σ for ρ Ophiuchi. In Perseus, spinning dust in the dense molecular gas can account for most of the AME; the low density atomic gas appears to play a minor role. In ρ Ophiuchi, the ∼30 GHz peak is dominated by dense molecular gas, but there is an indication of an extended tail at frequencies 50–100 GHz, which can be accounted for by irradiated low density atomic gas. The dust parameters are consistent with those derived from other measurements. We have also searched the Planck map at 28.5 GHz for candidate AME regions, by subtracting a simple model of the synchrotron, free-free, and thermal dust. We present spectra for two of the candidates; S140 and S235 are bright Hii regions that show evidence for AME, and are well fitted by spinning dust models.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: ISM; general; Galaxy; radiation mechanisms; radio continuum; submillimeter;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Experimental Physics
    Item ID: 4321
    Depositing User: Dr. Anthony Murphy
    Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2013 09:04
    Journal or Publication Title: Astronomy & Astrophysics
    Publisher: EDP Sciences
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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