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    Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure and Attractiveness Bias: Directionality of Bias and Influence of Gender of Participants


    Murphy, Carol and MacCarthaigh, Saoirse and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot (2014) Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure and Attractiveness Bias: Directionality of Bias and Influence of Gender of Participants. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 14 (3). pp. 333-351. ISSN 1889-1780

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    Abstract

    The behaviorally-based Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was used for the first time in the area of attractiveness bias with adult participants (N=47). Alternate IRAP trial-blocks required participants to affirm relations consistent (attractive-successful) and inconsistent (unattractive-successful) with attractiveness bias; shorter mean response latencies (faster responding) across consistent trial-blocks were interpreted in terms of implicit stereotype. Participants also completed a Likert-type scale rating of the successfulness of attractive versus unattractive individuals. Statistical analyses were conducted with implicit and explicit data, and both indicated attractiveness bias for male and female participants. Directionality of implicit bias was analyzed via the IRAP 4 trial-type methodology to determine if bias was pro-attractive or anti-unattractive, or if it was evident in both directions; a statistically significant implicit proattractive and antiunattractive bias was shown for male and female participants, and the effect was greater for male participants. Modest correlations were found between implicit and explicit data. Findings are discussed regarding a comprehensive and nuanced account of attractiveness bias, directionality, and contextual influences.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: attractiveness bias; implicit bias; IRAP; RFT;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 6757
    Depositing User: Dr. Carol Murphy
    Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2016 11:32
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy
    Publisher: Asociación de Análisis del Comportamiento
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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