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    Reduced duration mismatch negativity in adolescents with psychotic symptoms: further evidence for mismatch negativity as a possible biomarker for vulnerability to psychosis


    Murphy, Jennifer and Rawdon, Caroline and Kelleher, Ian and Twomey, Deirdre and Markey, Patrick S. and Cannon, Mary and Roche, Richard (2013) Reduced duration mismatch negativity in adolescents with psychotic symptoms: further evidence for mismatch negativity as a possible biomarker for vulnerability to psychosis. BMC Psychiatry, 13 (45). pp. 1-7. ISSN 1471-244X

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    Official URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/13/45


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    Abstract

    Background: Deficits in the mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a components are the most reliable and robust findings in schizophrenia. These abnormalities have also been recently documented in individuals clinically at risk for psychosis, indicating that the MMN may be a potential biomarker for psychosis. However, the at risk samples included in MMN studies are characterised by pre-existing clinical symptomatology and significant functional decline which are related to MMN amplitude. These factors may be potential confounds in determining whether deficient MMN is present prior to clinical manifestation of the disorder. Therefore, investigating the MMN in the extended psychosis phenotype comprising adolescents with psychotic symptoms from the general population may provide important information on whether abnormal MMN is apparent in the earliest stages of risk. Methods: Thirty six adolescents completed a duration deviant MMN task. Fourteen adolescents with psychotic symptoms comprised the at risk group and 22 with no psychotic symptoms comprised the Controls. The task consisted of 85% standard tones (25 ms) and 15% deviant tones (50 ms). The groups were compared on MMN and P3a amplitude and latency across frontocentral and temporal electrodes. Results: Adolescents with psychotic symptoms were characterised by a reduction in MMN amplitude at frontal and temporal regions compared to the controls. Conclusions: This is the first study to demonstrate impaired auditory discrimination for duration deviant tones in nonclinical adolescents with psychotic symptoms. These findings suggest that MMN amplitude may be a possible biomarker for vulnerability to psychosis.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: © 2013 Murphy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-45 Cite this article as: Murphy et al.: Reduced duration mismatch negativity in adolescents with psychotic symptoms: further evidence for mismatch negativity as a possible biomarker for vulnerability to psychosis. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:45.
    Keywords: MMN; Mismatch negativity; Psychotic symptoms; Schizophrenia; Psychosis;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 6789
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-13-45
    Depositing User: Richard Roche
    Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2016 14:52
    Journal or Publication Title: BMC Psychiatry
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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