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    Modelling the impact of urban form on household energy demand and related CO2 emissions in the Greater Dublin Region


    Liu, Xiaochen and Sweeney, John (2012) Modelling the impact of urban form on household energy demand and related CO2 emissions in the Greater Dublin Region. Energy Policy, 46. pp. 359-369. ISSN 0301-4215

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    Abstract

    This study aims to investigate the relationship between household space heating energy use and urban form (land use characteristics) for the Greater Dublin Region. The geographical distributions of household energy use are evaluated at the Enumeration Districts (ED) level based on the building thermal balance model. Moreover, it estimates the impact of possible factors on the household space heating consumption. Results illustrate that the distribution profile of dwellings is a significant factor related to overall heating energy demand and individual dwelling energy consumption for space heating. Residents living in compact dwellings with small floor areas consume less energy for space heating than residents living in dwellings with big floor areas. Moreover, domestic heating energy demand per household was also estimated for two extreme urban development scenarios: the compact city scenario and the dispersed scenario. The results illustrate that the compact city scenario is likely to decrease the domestic heating energy consumption per household by 16.2% compared with the dispersed city scenario. Correspondingly, the energy-related CO2 emissions could be significantly decreased by compact city scenario compared with the dispersed city scenario.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: The definitive published version of this article is available at DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.03.070
    Keywords: Household energy demand; CO2 emissions; Urban form; Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units; ICARUS;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, ICARUS
    Item ID: 7020
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.03.070
    Depositing User: Prof. John Sweeney
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2016 16:38
    Journal or Publication Title: Energy Policy
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    URI:

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