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    The development of a novel urea sensor using polypyrrole


    Hamilton, Anita and Breslin, Carmel B. (2014) The development of a novel urea sensor using polypyrrole. Electrochimica Acta, 145. pp. 19-26. ISSN 0013-4686

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    Abstract

    The urease enzyme (Urs) was successfully incorporated into a polypyrrole film (PPy) in one simple electropolymerisation step. The films were formed using different dopant anions. The polypyrrole-urease-chloride film (PPy-Urs-Cl) was deposited from a simple chloride dopant, and the polypyrrole-urease-sulfonated-β-cyclodextrin (PPy-Urs-SCD) was formed using a sulfonated-β-cyclodextrin (SCD) dopant. The presence of the Urs within the polymer film was evident from the fibrous morphology, observed in the SEM micrographs, and the presence of nickel, arising from the active site of the urease enzyme. The sensing ability of the films and their enzyme-free counterparts (i.e., PPy-Cl and PPy-SCD) towards urea was investigated. The dopant anion plays an important role in the sensitivity of the polymer films towards urea. The PPy-Urs-SCD film has a superior sensitivity of 5.79 μC μM−1 compared to 0.76 μC μM−1 for the PPy-Urs-Cl polymer film. Furthermore, the negative groups on the SCD eliminate interference from common interfering compounds, such as ascorbic acid.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Polypyrrole; Urea sensor; Urease; Cyclodextrin; Ascorbic acid;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 7709
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2014.08.052
    Depositing User: Dr. Carmel Breslin
    Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 14:36
    Journal or Publication Title: Electrochimica Acta
    Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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