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    Simulation of atomic zinc luminescence in rare gas solids: A localized pair potentials approach


    McCaffrey, John G. and Kerins, Paul (1997) Simulation of atomic zinc luminescence in rare gas solids: A localized pair potentials approach. Journal of Chemical Physics, 106 (19). pp. 7885-7898. ISSN 0021-9606

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    Abstract

    The luminescence spectroscopy of atomic zinc isolated in the solid rare gases (Zn/RG) is compared with theoretical predictions obtained from the sum of diatomic Zn⋅RG and RG⋅RG pair potentials. In particular the existence of pairs of emission bands, both of which are assigned to the same gas phase electronic transition, is examined with the use of diatomic pair potentials to simulate the potential energy surfaces of the Jahn–Teller active vibrational modes of Zn in the solid rare gases Ar, Kr, and Xe. Simulations of the solid state Zn/RG luminescence are developed from a consideration of the excited state Zn(1P1)⋅RGn van der Waals cluster species in the gas phase. The maximum binding energy of the Zn(1P1)⋅RGn clusters is found in the Zn⋅RG4 cluster having a square planar structure at the energy minimum. Based on the results of the cluster calculations, lattice distortions which led to a dominant interaction between the Zn atom and four of its host atoms were sought to simulate the solid state luminescence. Two such vibronic modes were identified; one a lattice mode in which four rare gas atoms contract on a single plane toward the Zn atom, referred to as the waist mode, and the other a motion of the Zn atom toward an octahedral interstitial site of the lattice, the body mode. Energy calculations of these modes were carried out for rigid and relaxed rare gas lattices allowing identification of the high energy emission bands in the Zn/RG systems as arising from the waist mode, while the lower energy bands are associated with the body mode. The model also rationalizes the differences exhibited in the time-resolved behavior of the pairs of singlet emission bands in the Zn/Ar and Zn/Kr systems, whereby the lower energy band of a given system shows a risetime of a few hundred picoseconds while the higher energy band exhibits direct feeding. The steep gradient calculated on the waist mode, feeding the high energy band, and the flat gradient found on the body mode, feeding the lower energy emission, are consistent with the existence of a risetime in the latter and its absence in the former. The close agreement found between theory and experiment indicates the validity of using pair potentials in analysis of matrix zinc spectroscopy and thereby indicates that the luminescence is controlled by localized guest–host interactions.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Zinc; Luminescence; Solid vapor phase transitions; Luminescence spectroscopy; Cluster phase transitions;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 7881
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.473802
    Depositing User: Dr. John McCaffrey
    Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 16:27
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Chemical Physics
    Publisher: American Institute of Physics
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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