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    Reduction of Cr(VI) at a polyaniline film: Influence of film thickness and oxidation state


    Farrell, Sinéad T. and Breslin, Carmel B. (2004) Reduction of Cr(VI) at a polyaniline film: Influence of film thickness and oxidation state. Environmental Science and Technology, 38 (17). pp. 4671-4676. ISSN 0013-936X

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    Abstract

    Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is highly toxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic to living organisms. In this paper, the reduction of Cr(VI) to the much less toxic trivalent state [Cr(III)] was studied at polyaniline films grown to different thickness. Much higher rates of Cr(VI) reduction were observed for the “thick” polyaniline films. This was explained in terms of the morphology of the polymer and the higher surface area of polymer in contact with the Cr(VI) solution. For “thin” polyaniline films, the Cr(VI) reduction reaction was found to obey pseudo-first-order kinetics for the duration of exposure. However, in the case of thick polyaniline layers, the Cr(VI) reduction reaction followed a two-stage process, with each stage obeying pseudo-first-order kinetics. This was explained in terms of oxidation of the polymer from the leucoemeraldine to the emeraldine state and then further oxidation of the polymer from the emeraldine to the pernigraniline state. Much higher rates of Cr(VI) reduction were observed on oxidation of the polymer from the leucoemeraldine to the emeraldine state.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Cr(VI); polyaniline film; film thickness; oxidation state; Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)]; Toxicity;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 7930
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1021/es0498585
    Depositing User: Dr. Carmel Breslin
    Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2017 16:37
    Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Technology
    Publisher: American Chemical Society
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Daniel O’Connell Scholarship, Enterprise Ireland (EI)
    URI:

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