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    An amperometric glucose-oxidase/poly(o-phenylenediamine) biosensor for monitoring brain extracellular glucose: in vivo characterisation in the striatum of freely-moving rats


    Lowry, John P. and Miele, Maddalena and O'Neill, Robert D. and Boutelle, M.G. and Fillenz, Marianne (1998) An amperometric glucose-oxidase/poly(o-phenylenediamine) biosensor for monitoring brain extracellular glucose: in vivo characterisation in the striatum of freely-moving rats. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 79 (1). pp. 65-74. ISSN 0165-0270

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    Abstract

    Amperometric glucose biosensors based on the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) on Pt electrodes with electropolymerized o-phenylenediamine (PPD) were implanted in the right striatum of freely-moving rats. Carbon paste electrodes for the simultaneous monitoring of ascorbic acid (AA) and/or tissue O2 were implanted in the left striatum. A detailed in vivo characterization of the Pt/PPD/GOx signal was carried out using various pharmacological manipulations. Confirmation that the biosensor responded to changing glucose levels in brain extracellular fluid (ECF) was obtained by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of insulin that caused a decrease in the Pt/PPD/GOx current, and local administion of glucose (1 mM) via an adjacent microdialysis probe that resulted in an increase in the biosensor current. An insulin induced increase in tissue O2 in the brain was also observed. Interference studies involved administering AA and subanaesthetic doses of ketamine i.p. Both resulted in increased extracellular AA levels with ketamine also causing an increase in O2. No significant change in the Pt/PPD/GOx current was observed in either case indicating that changes in O2 and AA, the principal endogenous interferents, have minimal effect on the response of these first generation biosensors. Stability tests over a successive 5-day period revealed no significant change in sensitivity. These in vivo results suggest reliable glucose monitoring in brain ECF.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Glucose biosensor; Carbon paste electrodes; Brain extracellular glucose; Ascorbic acid; Oxygen; Ketamine; Real-time monitoring; Freely-moving rats;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 8058
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0270(97)00171-4
    Depositing User: John Lowry
    Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 16:52
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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