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    Biosensor for Neurotransmitter L-Glutamic Acid Designed for Efficient Use of L-Glutamate Oxidase and Effective Rejection of Interference


    Ryan, Michael R. and Lowry, John P. (1997) Biosensor for Neurotransmitter L-Glutamic Acid Designed for Efficient Use of L-Glutamate Oxidase and Effective Rejection of Interference. Analyst, 122. pp. 1419-1424. ISSN 0003-2654

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    Abstract

    An amperometric biosensor for L-glutamic acid (Glu) was constructed by the adsorption and dip coating of L-glutamate oxidase (GluOx, 200 U ml–1 phosphate buffer, pH 7.4) onto 60-µm radius Teflon-coated Pt wire (1 mm exposed length). The enzyme was then trapped on the surface by electropolymerisation of o-phenylenediamine that also served to block electroactive interference. This procedure afforded electrodes with similar substrate sensitivity compared with the classical approach of immobilising enzyme from a solution of monomer, and represents an approximately 10000-fold increase in the yield of biosensors from a batch of enzyme. A number of strategies were examined to enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of the Pt/PPD/GluOx sensors operating at 0.7 V versus SCE. Pre-coating the Pt with lipid and incorporation of the protein bovine serum albumin into the polymer matrix were found to improve the performance of the electrode. The sensors had a fast response time, high sensitivity to Glu, with an LOD of about 0.3 µmol l–1, and possessed selectivity characteristics suggesting that monitoring Glu in biological tissues in vivo may be feasible.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Biosensor; Neurotransmitter L-Glutamic Acid; L-Glutamate Oxidase; amperometric biosensor;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 8064
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1039/A704508E
    Depositing User: John Lowry
    Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 13:29
    Journal or Publication Title: Analyst
    Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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