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    Outbound open innovation in bio-pharmaceutical out-licensing


    Hu, Yansong and McNamara, Peter and McLoughlin, Damien (2015) Outbound open innovation in bio-pharmaceutical out-licensing. Technovation, 35. pp. 46-58. ISSN 0166-4972

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    Abstract

    Our study investigates the outbound open innovation of firms engaged in technological venturing. Leveraging insights from the sociology theory and innovation literatures, we clarify whether social status helps entrepreneurial ventures overcome market imperfection and information asymmetry in out-licensing and illustrate the importance of specific aspects of social status building in this context. We also examine the effect of failure experiences on out-licensing. We take a dynamic view of desorptive capacity by studying an entrepreneurial venture’s learning process, both internally, in terms of its own technology trajectory, and externally, through inter-organizational alliances. We apply a negative binomial model to our novel panel of 180 firms studied over an 18-year period with controls for stocks of clinical development activities, patenting and prior licensing activities. Empirical analysis enables us to observe the impact which the firms’ technological and development status, reputation and desorptive capacity exert upon out-licensing volume. Prior outbound open innovation studies do not account for the heterogeneity of technology and R&D success and failure experiences observed in our study. We also demonstrate the contingency effect of external learning from alliances during the building-up of a firm’s desorptive capacity, or the way in which the number of co-authoring partners in scientific publications negatively moderates the positive effect of the number of commercial alliances on the volume of its out-licensing deals. Our findings contribute to the understanding of external knowledge exploitation and complement important aspects of the literatures on outbound open innovation and desorptive capacity, offering empirically rich insights for bio-pharmaceutical firms into the drivers behind volumes of out-licensing deals.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Outbound open innovation; Out-licensing; Alliance portfolio; Failure experience;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 8312
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2014.07.004
    Depositing User: Peter McNamara
    Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2017 15:40
    Journal or Publication Title: Technovation
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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