MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library



    Half-Normal Plots and Overdispersed Models in R: The hnp Package


    de Andrade Moral, Rafael and Hinde, John and Garcia Borges Demétrio, Clarice (2017) Half-Normal Plots and Overdispersed Models in R: The hnp Package. Journal of Statistical Software, 81 (10). ISSN 1548-7660

    [img]
    Preview
    Download (642kB) | Preview


    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...



    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Abstract

    Count and proportion data may present overdispersion, i.e., greater variability than expected by the Poisson and binomial models, respectively. Different extended generalized linear models that allow for overdispersion may be used to analyze this type of data, such as models that use a generalized variance function, random-effects models, zero-inflated models and compound distribution models. Assessing goodness-of-fit and verifying assumptions of these models is not an easy task and the use of half-normal plots with a simulated envelope is a possible solution for this problem. These plots are a useful indicator of goodness-of-fit that may be used with any generalized linear model and extensions. For GLIM users, functions that generated these plots were widely used, however, in the open-source software R, these functions were not yet available on the Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN). We describe a new package in R, hnp, that may be used to generate the half-normal plot with a simulated envelope for residuals from different types of models. The function hnp() can be used together with a range of different model fitting packages in R that extend the basic generalized linear model fitting in glm() and is written so that it is relatively easy to extend it to new model classes and different diagnostics. We illustrate its use on a range of examples, including continuous and discrete responses, and show how it can be used to inform model selection and diagnose overdispersion.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This work is licensed under the license: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ . Cite as: Moral, R., Hinde, J., & Demétrio, C. (2017). Half-Normal Plots and Overdispersed Models in R: The hnp Package. Journal of Statistical Software, 81(10), 1 - 23. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.18637/jss.v081.i10
    Keywords: goodness-of-fit; generalized linear models; mixed models;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Mathematics and Statistics
    Item ID: 9990
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v081.i10
    Depositing User: Rafael de Andrade Moral
    Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2018 16:10
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Statistical Software
    Publisher: Foundation for Open Access Statistics
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year