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    Impact of the antifungal protein PgAFP from Penicillium chrysogenum on the protein profile in Aspergillus flavus


    Delgado, Josué and Owens, Rebecca A. and Asensio, Miguel A. and Núñez, Felix (2015) Impact of the antifungal protein PgAFP from Penicillium chrysogenum on the protein profile in Aspergillus flavus. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 99 (20). pp. 8701-8715. ISSN 1432-0614

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    Abstract

    Antifungal proteins produced by molds are generally small, highly basic, and cysteine-rich. The best known effects of these proteins include morphological changes, metabolic inactivation, and membrane perturbation on sensitive fungi. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation leads to apoptosis, with G -protein playing a key role in transduction of cell death signals. The antifungal protein PgAFP from Penicillium chrysogenum inhibits growth of some toxigenic molds. Here we analyzed the effect of the antifungal protein PgAFP on the growth of Aspergillus flavus. For this, comparative proteomic analysis was used to identify the whole protein profile and protein change in abundance after PgAFP treatment. PgAFP provoked metabolic changes related to reduced energy metabolism, cell wall integrity alteration, and increased stress response due to higher levels of ROS. The observed changes in protein abundance, favoring a higher glutathione concentration as well as the increased abundance in heat shock proteins, do not seem to be enough to avoid necrosis. The decreased chitin deposition observed in PgAFP-treated A. flavus is attributed to a lower relative quantity of Rho1. The reduced relative abundance of a β subunit of G -protein seems to be the underlying reason for modulation of apoptosis in PgAFP-treated A. flavus hyphae. We propose Rho1 and G -protein subunit β CpcB to be the main factors in the mode of action of PgAFP in A. flavus. Additionally, enzymes essential for the biosynthesis of aflatoxin were no longer detectable in A. flavus hyphae at 24 h, following treatment with PgAFP. This presents a promising effect of PgAFP, which may prevent A. flavus from producing mycotoxins. However, the impact of PgAFP on actual aflatoxin production requires further study.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Delgado, J., Owens, R.A., Doyle, S. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2015) 99: 8701. https://doi.org/Delgado, J., Owens, R.A., Doyle, S. et al. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2015) 99: 8701. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-015-6731-x
    Keywords: Antifungal compounds; Toxigenic fungi; Aspergillus flavus; Apoptosis; Proteomics;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 10913
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-015-6731-x
    Depositing User: Rebecca Owens
    Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 15:31
    Journal or Publication Title: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
    Publisher: Springer
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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