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    Class/Race Polarisation in Venezuela and the Electoral Success of Hugo Chávez: a break with the past or the song remains the same?


    Cannon, Barry (2008) Class/Race Polarisation in Venezuela and the Electoral Success of Hugo Chávez: a break with the past or the song remains the same? Third World Quarterly, 29 (4). pp. 731-748. ISSN 0143-6597

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    Abstract

    Polls have repeatedly shown a class-based polarisation around Cha´vez, which some political science analysis on Venezuela has recognised. This paper seeks to show, however, that this class-based division needs to be placed in historical context to be fully understood. Examining Venezuelan history from the colonial to the contemporary era the paper shows, unlike most previous work on Bolivarian Venezuela, that race is an important subtext to this class-based support, and that there is indeed a correlation between class and race within the Venezuelan context. Furthermore, class and race are important positive elements in Cha´vez’s discourse, in contrast to their negative use in opposition anti- Chavismo discourse. The paper briefly reviews the Cha´vez government’s policy in tackling the class/race fissures in Venezuelan society, and concludes by asking whether these policies represent a change in the historical patterns of classism and racism within Venezuelan society or are simply reproducing past patterns.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Class/Race; Polarisation; Venezuela; Electoral Success; Hugo Chávez; past; song remains the same;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Sociology
    Item ID: 11940
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590802075020
    Depositing User: Barry Cannon
    Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2019 15:26
    Journal or Publication Title: Third World Quarterly
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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