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    Absence of MyD88 Results in Enhanced TLR3-Dependent Phosphorylation of IRF3 and Increased IFN-β and RANTES Production


    Siednienko, Jakub and Gajanayake, Thusitha and Fitzgerald, Katherine A. and Moynagh, Paul N. and Miggin, Sinead (2011) Absence of MyD88 Results in Enhanced TLR3-Dependent Phosphorylation of IRF3 and Increased IFN-β and RANTES Production. Journal of Immunology, 186 (4). pp. 2514-2522. ISSN 0022-1767

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    Abstract

    Toll-like receptors are a group of pattern-recognition receptors that play a crucial role in “danger” recognition and induction of the innate immune response against bacterial and viral infections. TLR3 has emerged as a key sensor of viral dsRNA, resulting in the induction of the anti-viral molecule, IFN-β. Thus, a clearer understanding of the biological processes that modulate TLR3 signaling is essential. Previous studies have shown that the TLR adaptor, Mal/TIRAP, an activator of TLR4, inhibits TLR3- mediated IFN-β induction through a mechanism involving IRF7. In this study, we sought to investigate whether the TLR adaptor, MyD88, an activator of all TLRs except TLR3, has the ability to modulate TLR3 signaling. Although MyD88 does not significantly affect TLR3 ligand-induced TNF-a induction, MyD88 negatively regulates TLR3-, but not TLR4-, mediated IFN-β and RANTES production; this process is mechanistically distinct from that employed by Mal/TIRAP. We show that MyD88 inhibits IKK«-, but not TBK1-, induced activation of IRF3. In doing so, MyD88 curtails TLR3 ligand-induced IFN-β induction. The present study shows that while MyD88 activates all TLRs except TLR3, MyD88 also functions as a negative regulator of TLR3. Thus, MyD88 is essential in restricting TLR3 signaling, thereby protecting the host from unwanted immunopathologies associated with the excessive production of IFN-β. Our study offers a new role for MyD88 in restricting TLR3 signaling through a hitherto unknown mechanism whereby MyD88 specifically impairs IKK«-mediated induction of IRF3 and concomitant IFN-β and RANTES production.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Absence; MyD88 Results; TLR3-Dependent Phosphorylation; IRF3; IFN-β; RANTES Production;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 12334
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1003093
    Depositing User: Professor Paul Moynagh
    Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2020 11:56
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Immunology
    Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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