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    IRAK1 Limits TLR3/4- and IFNAR-Driven IL-27 Production through a STAT1-Dependent Mechanism


    Bruni, Daniela and Dignam, Adam and Dunne, Susan and Wall-Coughlan, Devlin and McCrudden, Aisling and O'Connell, Karen and Lyons, Caitriona and McGuigan, Christopher and Tubridy, Niall and Butler, Marion P. (2018) IRAK1 Limits TLR3/4- and IFNAR-Driven IL-27 Production through a STAT1-Dependent Mechanism. Journal of Immunology, 201. pp. 2070-2081. ISSN 0022-1767

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    Abstract

    IL-27 is a cytokine exerting pleiotropic immunomodulatory effects on a broad spectrum of immune cells. Optimal IL-27 production downstream of TLR3/4 ligand stimulation relies on autocrine type I IFN signaling, defining a first and second phase in IL-27 production. This work shows that IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1) limits TLR3/4- and IFNAR-induced IL-27 production. At the mechanistic level, we identified IRAK1 as a novel regulator of STAT1, IRF1, and IRF9. We found hyperactivation of STAT1 together with increased nuclear levels of IRF1 and IRF9 in IRAK1-deficient murine macrophages compared with control cells following stimulation with LPS and poly(I:C). IRAK1-deficient human microglial cells showed higher basal levels of STAT1 and STAT2 compared with control cells. Blocking the kinase activity of TBK1/IKK« in IRAK1 knockdown human microglial cells reduced the high basal levels of STAT1/2, uncovering a TBK1/IKK« kinase–dependent mechanism controlling basal levels of STAT1/2. Stimulating IRAK1 knockdown human microglial cells with IFN-b led to increased IL-27p28 expression compared with control cells. In IRAK1-deficient murine macrophages, increased IL-27 levels were detected by ELISA following IFN-b stimulation compared with control macrophages together with increased nuclear levels of p-STAT1, IRF1, and IRF9. Treatment of wild-type and IRAK1-deficient murine macrophages with fludarabine similarly reduced TLR3/4-induced IL-27 cytokine levels. To our knowledge, this work represents the first report placing IRAK1 in the IFNAR pathway and identifies IRAK1 as an important regulator of STAT1, controlling IL-27 production downstream of TLR3/4 and IFNAR signaling pathways.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: IRAK1; TLR3/4-; IFNAR-Driven IL-27 Production; STAT1-Dependent Mechanism;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 12352
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1701373
    Depositing User: Marion Butler
    Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 15:51
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Immunology
    Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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