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    The salivary gland proteome of root-galling grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Fitch) feeding on Vitis spp.


    Eitle, Markus Walter and Carolan, James C. and Griesser, Michaela and Forneck, Astrid (2019) The salivary gland proteome of root-galling grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Fitch) feeding on Vitis spp. PLoS ONE, 14 (12). e0225881. ISSN 1932-6203

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    Abstract

    The successful parasitisation of a plant by a phytophagous insect is dependent on the delivery of effector molecules into the host. Sedentary gall forming insects, such as grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae FITCH, Phylloxeridae), secrete multiple effectors into host plant tissues that alter or modulate the cellular and molecular environment to the benefit of the insect. The identification and characterisation of effector proteins will provide insight into the host-phylloxera interaction specifically the gall-induction processes and potential mechanisms of plant resistance. Using proteomic mass spectrometry and in-silico secretory prediction, 420 putative effectors were determined from the salivary glands or the root-feeding D. vitifoliae larvae reared on Teleki 5C (V. berlandieri x V. riparia). Among them, 170 conserved effectors were shared between D. vitifoliae and fourteen phytophagous insect species. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis of five conserved effector candidates (protein disulfideisomerase, peroxidoredoxin, peroxidase and a carboxypeptidase) revealed that their gene expression decreased, when larvae were starved for 24 h, supporting their assignment as effector molecules. The D. vitifoliae effectors identified here represent a functionally diverse group, comprising both conserved and unique proteins that provide new insight into the D. vitifoliae–Vitis spp. interaction and the potential mechanisms by which D. vitifoliae establishes the feeding site, suppresses plant defences and modulates nutrient uptake.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: © 2019 Eitle et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Citation: Eitle MW, Carolan JC, Griesser M, Forneck A (2019) The salivary gland proteome of root-galling grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Fitch) feeding on Vitis spp.. PLoS ONE 14 (12): e0225881. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0225881
    Keywords: salivary gland; proteome; root-galling grape phylloxera; Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Fitch; feeding; Vitis spp.;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 13516
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225881
    Depositing User: James Carolan
    Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 15:47
    Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
    Publisher: Public Library of Science
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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