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    Random dictatorship for privacy-preserving social choice


    Torra, Vicenç (2019) Random dictatorship for privacy-preserving social choice. International Journal of Information Security, 19. pp. 537-545. ISSN 1615-5262

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    Abstract

    Social choice provides methods for collective decisions. They include methods for voting and for aggregating rankings. These methods are used in multiagent systems for similar purposes when decisions are to be made by agents. Votes and rankings are sensitive information. Because of that, privacy mechanisms are needed to avoid the disclosure of sensitive information. Cryptographic techniques can be applied in centralized environments to avoid the disclosure of sensitive information.Atrusted third party can then compute the outcome. In distributed environments, we can use a secure multiparty computation approach for implementing a collective decision method. Other privacy models exist. Differential privacy and k-anonymity are two of them. They provide privacy guarantees that are complementary to multiparty computation approaches, and solutions that can be combined with the cryptographic ones, thus providing additional privacy guarantees, e.g., a differentially privatemultiparty computation model. In this paper, we propose the use of probabilistic social choice methods to achieve differential privacy. We use the method called random dictatorship and prove that under some circumstances differential privacy is satisfied and propose a variation that is always compliant with this privacy model. Our approach can be implemented using a centralized approach and also a decentralized approach. We briefly discuss these implementations.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Cite as: Torra, V. Random dictatorship for privacy-preserving social choice. Int. J. Inf. Secur. 19, 537–545 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10207-019-00474-7
    Keywords: Privacy; Social choice; Probabilistic social choice; Differential privacy; Random dictatorship;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Item ID: 14068
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10207-019-00474-7
    Depositing User: Vicenç Torra
    Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2021 15:23
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Information Security
    Publisher: Springer
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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