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    Nonlinear Dynamics, Synchronisation and Chaos in Coupled FHN Cardiac and Neural Cells


    Pouryahya, Sepanda (2013) Nonlinear Dynamics, Synchronisation and Chaos in Coupled FHN Cardiac and Neural Cells. PhD thesis, National University of Ireland Maynooth.

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    Abstract

    Physiological systems are amongst the most challenging systems to investigate from a mathematically based approach. The eld of mathematical biology is a relatively recent one when compared to physics. In this thesis I present an introduction to the physiological aspects needed to gain access to both cardiac and neural systems for a researcher trained in a mathematically based discipline. By using techniques from nonlinear dynamical systems theory I show a number of results that have implications for both neural and cardiac cells. Examining a reduced model of an excitable biological oscillator I show how rich the dynamical behaviour of such systems can be when coupled together. Quantifying the dynamics of coupled cells in terms of synchronisation measures is treated at length. Most notably it is shown that for cells that themselves cannot admit chaotic solutions, communication between cells be it through electrical coupling or synaptic like coupling, can lead to the emergence of chaotic behaviour. I also show that in the presence of emergent chaos one nds great variability in intervals of activity between the constituent cells. This implies that chaos in both cardiac and neural systems can be a direct result of interactions between the constituent cells rather than intrinsic to the cells themselves. Furthermore the ubiquity of chaotic solutions in the coupled systems may be a means of information production and signaling in neural systems.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Keywords: Nonlinear Dynamics; Synchronisation and Chaos; Coupled FHN Cardiac and Neural Cells;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Mathematical Physics
    Item ID: 4520
    Depositing User: IR eTheses
    Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 13:53
    URI:

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