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    New Perspectives on Modelling and Control for Next Generation Intelligent Transport Systems


    Schlote, Arieh (2014) New Perspectives on Modelling and Control for Next Generation Intelligent Transport Systems. PhD thesis, National University of Ireland Maynooth.

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    Abstract

    This PhD thesis contains 3 major application areas all within an Intelligent Transportation System context. The first problem we discuss considers models that make beneficial use of the large amounts of data generated in the context of traffic systems. We use a Markov chain model to do this, where important data can be taken into account in an aggregate form. The Markovian model is simple and allows for fast computation, even on low end computers, while at the same time allowing meaningful insight into a variety of traffic system related issues. This allows us to both model and enable the control of aggregate, macroscopic features of traffic networks. We then discuss three application areas for this model: the modelling of congestion, emissions, and the dissipation of energy in electric vehicles. The second problem we discuss is the control of pollution emissions in eets of hybrid vehicles. We consider parallel hybrids that have two power units, an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. We propose a scheme in which we can in uence the mix of the two engines in each car based on simple broadcast signals from a central infrastructure. The infrastructure monitors pollution levels and can thus make the vehicles react to its changes. This leads to a context aware system that can be used to avoid pollution peaks, yet does not restrict drivers unnecessarily. In this context we also discuss technical constraints that have to be taken into account in the design of traffic control algorithms that are of a microscopic nature, i.e. they affect the operation of individual vehicles. We also investigate ideas on decentralised trading of emissions. The goal here is to allocate the rights to pollute fairly among the eet's vehicles. Lastly we discuss the usage of decentralised stochastic assignment strategies in traffic applications. Systems are considered in which reservation schemes can not reliably be provided or enforced and there is a signifficant delay between decisions and their effect. In particular, our approach facilitates taking into account the feedback induced into traffic systems by providing forecasts to large groups of users. This feedback can invalidate the predictions if not modelled carefully. At the same time our proposed strategies are simple rules that are easy to follow, easy to accept, and significantly improve the performance of the systems under study. We apply this approach to three application areas, the assignment of electric vehicles to charging stations, the assignment of vehicles to parking facilities, and the assignment of customers to bike sharing stations. All discussed approaches are analysed using mathematical tools and validated through extensive simulations.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Keywords: Modelling and Control; Next Generation Intelligent Transport Systems;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Item ID: 5398
    Depositing User: IR eTheses
    Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2014 10:56
    Funders: Science Foundation of Ireland PI Award 07/IN.1/1901, European Commission DG CONNECT in FP7 under TEAM
    URI:

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