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    Evolutionary analyses of non-genealogical bonds produced by introgressive descent


    Bapteste, Eric and Lopez, Philippe and Bouchard, Frédéric and Baquero, Fernando and McInerney, James O. and Burian, Richard M. (2012) Evolutionary analyses of non-genealogical bonds produced by introgressive descent. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (145). pp. 18266-8272. ISSN 1091-6490

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    Official URL: http://www.pnas.org/content/109/45/18266


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    Abstract

    All evolutionary biologists are familiar with evolutionary units that evolve by vertical descent in a tree-like fashion in single lineages. However, many other kinds of processes contribute to evolutionary diversity. In vertical descent, the genetic material of a particular evolutionary unit is propagated by replication inside its own lineage. In what we call introgressive descent, the genetic material of a particular evolutionary unit propagates into different host structures and is replicated within these host structures. Thus, introgressive descent generates a variety of evolutionary units and leaves recognizable patterns in resemblance networks. We characterize six kinds of evolutionary units, of which five involve mosaic lineages generated by introgressive descent. To facilitate detection of these units in resemblance networks, we introduce terminology based on two notions, P3s (subgraphs of three nodes: A, B, and C) and mosaic P3s, and suggest an apparatus for systematic detection of introgressive descent. Mosaic P3s correspond to a distinct type of evolutionary bond that is orthogonal to the bonds of kinship and genealogy usually examined by evolutionary biologists. We argue that recognition of these evolutionary bonds stimulates radical rethinking of key questions in evolutionary biology (e.g., the relations among evolutionary players in very early phases of evolutionary history, the origin and emergence of novelties, and the production of new lineages). This line of research will expand the study of biological complexity beyond the usual genealogical bonds, revealing additional sources of biodiversity. It provides an important step to a more realistic pluralist treatment of evolutionary complexity.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This article contains supporting information online at www.pnas.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1073/pnas.1206541109/-/ DCSupplemental.
    Keywords: biodiversity structure; evolutionary transitions; lateral gene transfer; network of life; symbiosis;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 6262
    Depositing User: Dr. James McInerney
    Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2015 15:02
    Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
    Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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