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    Topics in Electromobility and Related Applications


    Liu, Mingming (2015) Topics in Electromobility and Related Applications. PhD thesis, National University of Ireland Maynooth.

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    Abstract

    In this thesis, we mainly discuss four topics on Electric Vehicles (EVs) in the context of smart grid and smart transportation systems. The first topic focuses on investigating the impacts of different EV charging strategies on the grid. In Chapter 3, we present a mathematical framework for formulating different EV charging problems and investigate a range of typical EV charging strategies with respect to different actors in the power system. Using this framework, we compare the performances of all charging strategies on a common power system simulation testbed, highlighting in each case positive and negative characteristics. The second topic is concerned with the applications of EVs with Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) capabilities. In Chapter 4, we apply certain ideas from cooperative control techniques to two V2G applications in different scenarios. In the first scenario, we harness the power of V2G technologies to reduce current imbalance in a three-phase power network. In the second scenario, we design a fair V2G programme to optimally determine the power dispatch from EVs in a microgrid scenario. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithms are verified through a variety of simulation studies. The third topic discusses an optimal distributed energy management strategy for power generation in a microgrid scenario. In Chapter 5, we adapt the synchronised version of the Additive-Increase-Multiplicative-Decrease (AIMD) algorithms to minimise a cost utility function related to the power generation costs of distributed resources. We investigate the AIMD based strategy through simulation studies and we illustrate that the performance of the proposed method is very close to the full communication centralised case. Finally, we show that this idea can be easily extended to another application including thermal balancing requirements. The last topic focuses on a new design of the Speed Advisory System (SAS) for optimising both conventional and electric vehicles networks. In Chapter 6, we demonstrate that, by using simple ideas, one can design an effective SAS for electric vehicles to minimise group energy consumption in a distributed and privacy-aware manner; Matlab simulation are give to illustrate the effectiveness of this approach. Further, we extend this idea to conventional vehicles in Chapter 7 and we show that by using some of the ideas introduced in Chapter 6, group emissions of conventional vehicles can also be minimised under the same SAS framework. SUMO simulation and Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) tests involving real vehicles are given to illustrate user acceptability and ease of deployment. Finally, note that many applications in this thesis are based on the theories of a class of nonlinear iterative feedback systems. For completeness, we present a rigorous proof on global convergence of consensus of such systems in Chapter 2.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Keywords: Electromobility;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Item ID: 6522
    Depositing User: IR eTheses
    Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2015 10:38
    URI:

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