MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library



    Phased infectivity in Heterorhabditis megidis: the effects of infection density in the parental host and filial generation


    Ryder, J.J. and Griffin, Christine (2003) Phased infectivity in Heterorhabditis megidis: the effects of infection density in the parental host and filial generation. International Journal for Parasitology, 33. pp. 1013-1018. ISSN 0020-7519

    [img]
    Preview
    Download (114kB) | Preview


    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...



    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    Abstract

    Entomopathogenic nematodes can develop through two or more generations in the cadavers of killed insect hosts. Non-feeding infective juveniles from each generation emerge and may spend prolonged periods searching for a new host. The infectivity of the infective juveniles of Heterorhabditis megidis varies with time after emergence and may not reach a maximum until several weeks have passed. 'Phased infectivity' hypotheses propose that this pattern is adaptive, tending to reduce competition in new hosts. Here we provide further evidence that infectivity is phased in H. megidis. In addition, we show that the basic pattern is modified by infection density in the parental host and by filial generation. Two general patterns were observed: first, infective juveniles that developed under the least crowded conditions (F(1) infective juveniles produced in hosts infected with 16 parent nematodes) reached maximum infectivity after only 15 days, compared to 27 or 39 days for infective juveniles that developed under more crowded conditions (F(1) produced in hosts infected with 103 or 424 parent nematodes or F(2) infective juveniles). Second, infective juveniles had lower infectivity overall when produced under the most crowded conditions (F(2) versus F(1); highest versus lowest infection density). We propose that while lower overall infectivity is a necessary consequence of limited resource availability during infective juvenile development, the difference in the timing of peak infectivity reflects a shift in the fitness gains associated with being maximally infective either 'early' or 'late'. F(1) infective juveniles emerge several days before F(2) infective juveniles, and we suggest that filial generation and infection density in the parental host function as indicators of the potential risk of competition within new hosts.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Heterorhabditis; Infective juvenile; Phased infectivity; Infection density; Competition;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 7540
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7519(03)00131-0
    Depositing User: Dr. Christine Griffin
    Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2016 14:45
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal for Parasitology
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Higher Education Authority (HEA)
    URI:

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year