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    Vaclav Jan Tomasek (1774-1850): A Versatile Lieder Composer? A Comparative Analysis of Selected Goethe Settings by Carl Friedrich Zeiter, Vaclav Jan Tomasek and Johanna Kinkel


    Bunzel, Anja and Kubeckova, Barbora (2014) Vaclav Jan Tomasek (1774-1850): A Versatile Lieder Composer? A Comparative Analysis of Selected Goethe Settings by Carl Friedrich Zeiter, Vaclav Jan Tomasek and Johanna Kinkel. Musicologica Olomucensia, 20. pp. 15-36. ISSN 1212-1193

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    Abstract

    Carl Friedrich Zeiter (1758-1832), Vaclav Jan Tom(!sek (1774-1850) and Johanna Kinkel (1810-1858) share at least two commonalities: firstly, they produced a great deal of vocal music, particularly Lieder, so that their compositions influenced the development of the nineteenth-century Lied in one way or the other. Secondly, all three composers set to music Goethe's poems although their (personal) relationships to Goethe differed from each other. Zeiter, a very close friend of Goethe's, paid extraordinary attention to the poet's work and its musical potential which is recognisable by means of both the great number of Goethe-Lieder produced by Zeiter and the rich musical discussions included in Goethe and Zeiter's correspondence. Unlike Zeiter, Tomasek met Goethe ouly a few times and his bequeathed correspondence with Goethe is fairly small. Although Goethe praised Tomasek's settiogs of his poems on several occasions, Tomasek's Goethe-Lieder are rather unknown. Johanna Kinkel never met Goethe in person; yet Goethe's poetry takes a significant place within her Lieder CEuvre. Especially her early Lieder compositions, which were published in 1838 and 1839 and which include four Goethe settiugs, were received with great enthusiasm by the contemporary musical print media. By means of comparative analysis, this article aims to shed light on a selection of Zeiter's, Tomasek's and Kinkel's Goethe settings. As a transitional musical character between the Classical and the Romantic periods, Vaclav Jan Tomasek applied compositional features originating from both eras and his compositions thereby serve as a link between the rather Classically-oriented composer Zeiter and Kinkel whose compositional style reflects typical Romantic features. Using as an analytical basis the two Goethe-Lieder An den Mond and Nachgefiihl, this article depicts differences and similarities between all three composers' compositional styles as well as between the two Lieder of each individual composer. The aim of this article is to place Tomasek's compositional versatility within its own context and, as a result, to suggest possible directions for future examinations of Tomasek's (and other composers') (Goethe )-Lieder.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Nineteenth Century; lied; J. W. Goethe; J. V. Tomasek; comparative analysis;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts,Celtic Studies and Philosophy > Music
    Item ID: 9074
    Depositing User: Anja Bunzel
    Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2017 12:29
    Journal or Publication Title: Musicologica Olomucensia
    Publisher: Palacký University Olomouc
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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