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    Promoting good policy for leadership and governance of health related rehabilitation: a realist synthesis

    McVeigh, Joanne and MacLachlan, Malcolm and Gilmore, Brynne and McClean, Chiedza and Eide, Arne H. and Mannan, Hasheem and Geiser, Priscille and Duttine, Antony and Mji, Gubela and McAuliffe, Eilish and Sprunt, Beth and Amin, Mutamad and Normand, Charles (2016) Promoting good policy for leadership and governance of health related rehabilitation: a realist synthesis. Globalization and Health, 12 (49). ISSN 1744-8603

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    Background: Good governance may result in strengthened performance of a health system. Coherent policies are essential for good health system governance. The overall aim of this research is to provide the best available scientific evidence on principles of good policy related leadership and governance of health related rehabilitation services in less resourced settings. This research was also conducted to support development of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Guidelines on health related rehabilitation. Methods: An innovative study design was used, comprising two methods: a systematic search and realist synthesis of literature, and a Delphi survey of expert stakeholders to refine and triangulate findings from the realist synthesis. In accordance with Pawson and Tilley’s approach to realist synthesis, we identified context mechanism outcome pattern configurations (CMOCs) from the literature. Subsequently, these CMOCs were developed into statements for the Delphi survey, whereby 18 expert stakeholders refined these statements to achieve consensus on recommendations for policy related governance of health related rehabilitation. Results: Several broad principles emerged throughout formulation of recommendations: participation of persons with disabilities in policy processes to improve programme responsiveness, efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability, and to strengthen service-user self-determination and satisfaction; collection of disaggregated disability statistics to support political momentum, decision-making of policymakers, evaluation, accountability, and equitable allocation of resources; explicit promotion in policies of access to services for all subgroups of persons with disabilities and service-users to support equitable and accessible services; robust inter-sectoral coordination to cultivate coherent mandates across governmental departments regarding service provision; and ‘institutionalizing’ programmes by aligning them with preexisting Ministerial models of healthcare to support programme sustainability. Conclusions: Alongside national policymakers, our policy recommendations are relevant for several stakeholders, including service providers and service-users. This research aims to provide broad policy recommendations, rather than a strict formula, in acknowledgement of contextual diversity and complexity. Accordingly, our study proposes general principles regarding optimal policy related governance of health related rehabilitation in less resourced settings, which may be valuable across diverse health systems and contexts.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: The datasets supporting the conclusions of this article are available on the Website of the Centre for Global Health, Trinity College Dublin []. © 2016 The Author(s).Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, andreproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link tothe Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
    Keywords: Health related rehabilitation; Leadership; Governance; Policy; Less resourced settings; Realist synthesis; Delphi study;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10590
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Joanne McVeigh
    Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 15:36
    Journal or Publication Title: Globalization and Health
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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