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    Exemplar Training and a Derived Transformation of Function in Accordance with Symmetry

    Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne and Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Roche, Bryan and Smeets, Paul M. (2001) Exemplar Training and a Derived Transformation of Function in Accordance with Symmetry. The Psychological record, 51 (2). pp. 287-308. ISSN 0033-2933

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    The main purpose of the present study was to determine whether exemplar training would readily facilitate the transformation of function in accordance with symmetry. Sixteen children, aged between 4 and 5 years, were employed across four experiments (i.e., 4 children each in Experiments 1 to 4). In Experiment 1, subjects were first trained to name two actions and two objects by demonstrating listening, echoic, and tacting behaviors (e.g., hear name → point to object, hear name → say name, see object → say name, respectively). This name training served to establish that each of the subjects could clearly discriminate the experimental stimuli. Subjects were then trained in an action-object conditional discrimination using the previously named actions and objects (e.g., when the experimenter waved, choosing a toy car was reinforced, and when the experimenter clapped, choosing a doll was reinforced). Subjects were then reexposed to the name training, before exposure to a test for derived object-action symmetry relations (e.g., experimenter presents toy car → child. waves and experimenter presents doll → child claps). Across subsequent sessions, a multiple-baseline design was used to introduce exemplar training (i.e., explicit symmetry training) for those subjects who failed the symmetry test. Experiment 2 replicated Experiment 1, except that the name retraining (between the conditional discrimination training and symmetry test) was removed. Experiment 3 replicated Experiment 1, except that subjects were trained to tact all of the actions and objects during conditional discrimination training and symmetry testing. Experiment 4 replicated Experiment 1, except that the trained and tested relations were reversed (i.e., train object-action, test action-object relations). Across the four experiments, 13 out of 16 subjects failed to show derived objectaction (Experiments 1-3) or action-object (Experiment 4) symmetry until they received explicit symmetry training. Overall, the data are consistent with Relational Frame Theory.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Barnes-Holmes, Y., Barnes-Holmes, D., Roche, B. et al. Psychol Rec (2001) 51: 287.
    Keywords: Exemplar Training; Derived Transformation of Function; Symmetry; Relational Frame Theory;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 10675
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. Bryan Roche
    Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2019 16:01
    Journal or Publication Title: The Psychological record
    Publisher: Springer Verlag
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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