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    War Veterans, Fascism, and Para-Fascist Departures in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1918–1941

    Newman, John Paul (2017) War Veterans, Fascism, and Para-Fascist Departures in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1918–1941. Fascism: Journal of comparative Fascist Studies, 6 (1). pp. 42-74. ISSN 2211-6257

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    This article discusses the role played by war veterans in the various fascist and parafascist groups present in Yugoslavia in the interwar period. The article finds that significant numbers of veterans and the nationalist associations to which they belonged contributed to proposed or actual departures from the democratic norm in interwar Yugoslavia, and were especially supportive of King Aleksandar Karadjordjevic’s dictatorship of 1929–1934. In this respect, they could be termed ‘para-fascist’. The article also notes that whilst the two groups typically identified in the literature as ‘fascist’, the Croatian Ustashe and Serbian/Yugoslav Zbor, fit into the ‘second-wave’ of 1930s fascist forces not usually marked by a strong presence of First World War veterans, their membership and ideological organisation were nevertheless significantly influenced by both the traditions of the war and the men who fought in it.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Yugoslavia; fascism; Ustashe; Zbor; Aleksandar Karadjordjevic; orjuna; National Defence; Chetniks; veterans;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > History
    Item ID: 11507
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: John Paul Newman
    Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 17:11
    Journal or Publication Title: Fascism: Journal of comparative Fascist Studies
    Publisher: Brill
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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