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    In–Vitro Development and Characterisation of a Superoxide Dismutase-Based Biosensor.

    Doran, Michelle M. and Finnerty, Niall J. and Lowry, John P. (2017) In–Vitro Development and Characterisation of a Superoxide Dismutase-Based Biosensor. ChemistrySelect, 2 (14). pp. 4157-4164. ISSN 2365-6549

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    A first generation amperometric biosensor for the detection of superoxide (O2−) was constructed utilising a dip‐coating approach for immobilising the enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD, 200 U/mL) onto a Pt electrode. Several dip‐coating procedures were investigated, incorporating styrene, glutaraldehyde, bovine serum albumin and polyethylenimine at various concentrations, in order to develop a simple and reproducible coating method to maximise the sensitivity of the sensor to O2−. The optimised design was produced using 5 dip‐coatings and a composite containing 200 U/mL SOD, 0.5 % glutaraldehyde and 2 % polyethylenimine (Sty‐(SOD‐0.5 %GA‐2 %PEI)5). This sensor displayed excellent permselective characteristics with negligible signals produced by 12 of the most common electroactive species present in brain extracellular fluid, including uric acid (UA) which is produced as a by‐product of the O2− generating xanthine‐xanthine oxidase calibration method. In addition, it had a response time of ca. 1 s, high sensitivity to O2− (0.91 ± 0.02 nA/μM), and an in‐vitro limit of detection of ca. 0.063 μM, thus suggesting potential use for neurochemical monitoring of O2− in‐vivo.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Amperometry; biosensor; superoxide; real-time;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Chemistry
    Item ID: 11531
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: John Lowry
    Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2019 15:20
    Journal or Publication Title: ChemistrySelect
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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