MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    Cannabis and psychosis: the impact of polydrug use

    Shevlin, Mark and McElroy, Eoin and Murphy, Jamie and Hyland, Philip and Vallières, Frédérique and Elklit, Ask and Christoffersen, Mogens (2017) Cannabis and psychosis: the impact of polydrug use. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 17 (3). pp. 186-194. ISSN 1745-9265

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    Purpose While research has consistently identified an association between cannabis use and psychosis, few studies have examined this relationship in a polydrug context (i.e. combining cannabis with other illicit substances). The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach The present study sought to examine the association between recreational drug use (cannabis only vs polydrug) and psychotic disorders. Analysis was conducted on a large, representative survey of young Danish people aged 24 (n=4,718). Participants completed self-report measures of lifetime drug use and this information was linked to the Danish psychiatric registry system. Findings Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between drug use (no drug use, cannabis only, cannabis and other drug) and ICD-10 psychotic disorders, while controlling for gender and parental history of psychosis. Compared with no drug use, the use of cannabis only did not increase the risk of psychosis while the odds ratio for cannabis and other drug were statistically significant. Research limitations/implications Psychosis risk may be associated with the cumulative effect of polydrug use. Practical implications Cannabis use may be a proxy for other drug use in research studies. Originality/value This study is innovative as it uses linked self-report and administrative data for a large sample. Administrative data were used to as an objective mental health status indicator.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Logistic regression; Psychosis; Cannabis; Data linkage; Polydrug use; Registry data;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 11568
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2019 17:07
    Journal or Publication Title: Drugs and Alcohol Today
    Publisher: Emerald
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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