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    War Within and Without: Irish women in the First World War era

    Redmond, Jennifer and Farrell, Elaine (2018) War Within and Without: Irish women in the First World War era. Women's History Review, 27 (3). pp. 329-342. ISSN 0961-2025

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    The period 1914–1918 was tumultuous in Ireland when conflict wrought by international tensions was exacerbated by a fractious domestic political scene that ultimately resulted in partition of the island into two jurisdictions: Northern Ireland, comprised of six of the nine Ulster counties, and the Free State, encompassing the remaining twenty-six counties. Both were dominions within the British Commonwealth with domestic parliaments controlling internal affairs. Neither were the desired political outcome of the various factions who had protested, taken up arms, and eventually negotiated. Women were pivotal on both sides of the political divide. For those who wished to stay in the union with Great Britain, the First World War was a chance to demonstrate loyalty and to showcase the particular contributions of women, from hosting Belgian refugees to the encouragement of enlistment of husbands, sons and friends. For those who wished to see the enactment of independence for Ireland, as promised in the 1912 Home Rule Bill and the suspended Act of 1914, the First World War provided an opportunity to enact long-held ambitions for a violent revolution, with women participating in active combat and non-combatant roles. Thus while the First World War was a pivotal moment for women globally, in Ireland it had an additional layer of complexity given the national political context. This article seeks to explore these intersections and tensions, providing an introduction to this special issue in which many facets of the war period in Ireland are explored.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: History; Women; Conflict; Independence; World War I; Sex roles; Political factors; Loyalty; International conflict; Independence movements;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Arts & Humanities > History
    Item ID: 11762
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Jennifer Redmond
    Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2019 16:45
    Journal or Publication Title: Women's History Review
    Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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