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    The ECJ and the ECtHR: The Future Relationship between the Two European Courts

    Lock, Tobias (2009) The ECJ and the ECtHR: The Future Relationship between the Two European Courts. The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, 8 (3). pp. 375-398. ISSN 1569-1853

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    The current relationship between the two European courts has been discussed in some great detail while the future of that relationship has been widely neglected. Th is is somewhat surprising as the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and with it of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights as well as the EU’s succession to the ECHR are probably going to take place before too long. Th e article first examines Article 52(3) of the Charter, which prescribes that the ECHR be the minimum standard of human rights in the EU. It is argued that Article 52 (3) does not entail a reference to the ECtHR’s case law so that the ECJ will not be bound by that case law. After an accession of the EU to the ECHR, it is likely that both courts will assert that they have exclusive jurisdiction over the ECHR in inter-state cases, which creates a jurisdictional conflict for which a solution must be found. In addition, the article explores whether after an accession, the Bosphorus case law will have a future and whether the dictum found in Opinion 1/91 will be applicable, according to which the ECJ is bound by the decisions of courts created by an international agreement to which the EC is a party.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: ECJ; ECtHR; EU Charter of Fundamental Rights; ECHR accession; Bosphorus case; exclusive jurisdiction; jurisdictional conflict;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Law
    Item ID: 11833
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Tobias Lock
    Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2019 16:27
    Journal or Publication Title: The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals
    Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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